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Custom resource loaders

AMF allows you to define custom resource loaders that you can fully customize and plug into AMF’s parsers.

By default, AMF provides the following resource loaders:

  • JVM
    • FileResourceLoader
    • HttpResourceLoader
  • JS Server
    • JsServerFileResourceLoader
    • JsServerHttpResourceLoader
  • JS Browser
    • JsBrowserHttpResourceLoader

However, you may encounter situations in which you need to parse resources that can't be fetched by a HTTP or file resource loader. Or you may have cases where you want to use a custom nomenclature or resolution mechanism for the URIs used to reference content.

In such cases, use custom resource loaders.

Implement a new resource loader#

To implement a new resource loader, extend the amf.client.resource.ResourceLoader interface and define your own resource loader.

The ResourceLoader interface contains two methods, fetch and accepts:

amf.client.resource.ResourceLoader.scala
/** Fetch specified resource and return associated content. Resource should have been previously accepted. */
/** If the resource not exists, you should return a future failed with an ResourceNotFound exception. */
def fetch(resource: String): ClientFuture[Content]
/** Accepts specified resource. */
def accepts(resource: String): Boolean = true
  • accepts(resource: string): boolean

    • AMF uses this method to ask every resource loader in the environment if it can fetch the current resource. If a loader can't fetch the resource, AMF raises an UnsupportedUrlScheme exception.
  • fetch(resource: string): ClientFuture[Content]

    • This method loads the resource according to your custom implementation, and returns an asynchronous Content object.

AMF stores the Content object at amf.client.remote.Content, and it contains:

  • The resource fetched as a stream
  • The URL from which the resource was fetched
  • The media type of the resource

Configure your custom resource loader#

All parsers receive an optional Environment parameter in their constructor. You can use the Environment parameter to add your custom resource loaders:

CustomResourceLoader.java
Environment env = DefaultEnvironment.apply().add(new CustomResourceLoader());
Raml10Parser parser = new Raml10Parser(env);

How URI normalization works#

Before fetching, every URI goes through a normalization process to ensure consistency and standardization. Normalization includes the following steps:

  1. Encode string: Computes a new version of the string in which each instance of certain characters is replaced by one, two, three, or four escape sequences representing UTF-8 character encoding.

  2. Normalization (java.net.URI.normalize): Transforms a URI into a normalized, or canonical, URI to determine if two syntactically different URIs are equivalent.

  3. Resolve relativeness: If a URI is relative, appends the location of the file from which the URI originates to the base of the processed relative URI.

Example URI normalization#

The following example demonstrates the normalization process using a RAML API that references an external JSON file:

  • URI of main RAML API: file:///Users/user/api.raml
  • Reference to JSON file: type: !include ./folder/../external file.json

The URI is normalized following the three steps described above:

  • Encode string
    • The URI is transformed to ./folder/../external%20file.json. The blank space between words is encoded.
  • Normalization
    • The relative path and folder structure are removed, the URI is transformed to external%20file.json.
  • Resolve relativeness
    • The reference was relative, so the URI of the main file is appended to the base of the reference URI: file:///Users/user/external%20file.json

Finally, resource loaders will use the following normalized URI to fetch the JSON file: file:///Users/user/external%20file.json.

Example code for a custom resource loader#

The following example code is for a custom resource loader that obtains resources using a custom protocol:

Code extracted from the examples GitHub repository.

Last updated on by arielmirra